Свободный Университет
Илья Динес
медиевист, PhD, (Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
Kаталогизирует рукописи в Библиотеке Конгресса в Вашингтоне

Средневековые бестиарии

Курс о дидактическом жанре средневековой европейской литературы, посвященном животным и птицам, змеям и насекомым, драгоценным камням.

Курс будет прочитан на русском языке
Описание курса

Medieval illustrated books of animals known as bestiaries were one of the most

popular genres of late medieval European literature. These were not so much scientific as

moralized accounts of animals, used to teach students the elements of Christian doctrine;

the more elaborately decorated manuscripts were collected by nobles. Today about one

hundred bestiary manuscripts, divided by scholars into textual groups called families,

survive. The bestiary is rooted in the Physiologus, a collection of moralized stories about

mythological creatures, animals, birds, and magical stones mostly to be found in Africa

and Asia. The purpose of the book was strictly didactic: it used the characteristics of

animals and other creatures to provide young Christians with lessons to be followed in

their lives. The original text (written in Greek circa 2nd century C.E., probably in

Alexandria) has long been lost, but because of its popularity, it was translated into many

languages in the 4th and 5th centuries. In the 8th and 9th centuries in France, several Latin

versions of the Physiologus were produced. By the 12th century, the so-called version B of

the Latin Physiologus had been transformed into a bestiary by the addition of pseudo-

zoological material taken from Book XII of the authoritative Etymologiae of Isidore of

Seville (570-636). In the same century bestiaries manuscripts were produced in England,

and over the following three centuries, the use of bestiaries became very widespread.

The course aims to contribute to the students understanding of the medieval

bestiaries tradition, their origin, structure, and development from 4th until 15th century.

We are going to learn the vocabulary related to the subject and possess the required skills

to enable a student to work with medieval bestiaries in their original form.

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